Australia records hottest, driest year

Australia endured its hottest and driest year on record in 2019.
Australia endured its hottest and driest year on record in 2019.

FAST CLIMATE FACTS

* 2019 was Australia's warmest and driest year on record, with temperatures 1.52degC above the average.

* The previous driest year was in 1902, and the hottest in 2013, when temperatures were 1.33degC above the average, compared to 1.52 degC above average last year.

* There were heatwaves in January and December, with high temperatures recorded across much of the country.

* It was also the warmest year on record for NSW and Western Australia; and one of the top 10 warmest for Queensland, Victoria, South Australia and the Northern Territory.

* It brought the highest mean maximum temperatures on record for Brisbane, Canberra, Hobart and Sydney.

* Much of the country was affected by drought.

SIGNIFICANT CLIMATE EVENTS

* Severe tropical cyclone Veronica caused major flooding in the Pilbara region in northern Western Australia in March.

* A significant lack of rainfall across WA's southwest.

* Darwin had a late monsoon for both the 2018-2019 and 2019-2020 seasons.

* Unusually late tropical cyclones hit in May, with Lili in the Top End and Ann in Queensland.

* Queensland's Gulf Country, Townsville and large parts of the state's west flooded from January to April, killing of hundreds of thousands of livestock.

* The southeast corner of Queensland was hit by severe storms in November and early December.

* Bushfires stretched from southern Queensland to eastern NSW from September, in what was the beginning of a horrific fire season.

* NSW was affected by severe storms in late November.

* Further south, bushfires raged in Gippsland and northeast Victoria from summer to autumn, and from spring through December and into the new year.

* Rainfall in the Gippsland region was severely low, and parts of the inland southeast felt their coolest mean minimum temperatures on record in August.

* Bushfires tore through remote bushland across Tasmania from summer to autumn.

* In South Australia, the lowest rainfall on record was recorded between July and December, however Lake Eyre/Kati Thanda received its most significant filling since 2010/11.

Australian Associated Press